Social Franchising for the Operation and Maintenance of School Sanitation in East London -Africa Water Facility

Home / Projects / Social Franchising for the Operation and Maintenance of School Sanitation in East London -Africa Water Facility

Amanz’abantu (PTY) Ltd applied to the Africa Water Facility (AWF) Call for Concept Notes in September 2011 to extend the social franchising concept to other areas of the Eastern Cape.  Their project request, accepted by the AWF in February 2012, aimed to apply the social franchising concept for the operation and maintenance of schools’ sanitation facilities throughout the East London Educational District.   In addition, the project seeks to ensure the safe re-use of faecal sludge through the use of innovative beneficiation technologies.

The project request was based on the recognition that in South Africa there has been significant investment in new infrastructure aimed at addressing the government’s target of providing basic services to all; but there has been little focus on the sustainability of these investments through on-going operation and maintenance of systems.  While grant funding for infrastructure capital works is available, the stringent processes required for planning and procurement represent a barrier to implementation.  Very few municipalities have a maintenance programme for on-site dry sanitation and the Eastern Cape, the target location, is one of the provinces identified by DWS in 2012 as having the highest level of infrastructure maintenance need.

The goal of the project is to replicate affordable and sustainable operation and maintenance of usable and clean school sanitation facilities and safe handling, treatment and re-use of faecal sludge in the peri-urban areas of Amathole and Buffalo City Municipalities in East London Educational District (ELD).  The project will expand on improved school sanitation and faecal sludge management in the Eastern Cape Province.

The project replicates, expands and promotes an innovative, social franchising model, which has been successfully piloted within the Eastern Cape Province and which has gained the interest and endorsement of local government partners within the Department of Education (DoE) and the Municipalities as a viable model for sanitation services.  It offers strong capacity building elements through close partnership arrangements with both the municipal level partners and the local community.  The project will thus benefit multiple stakeholders – creating business opportunities for trained franchisees operating as local entrepreneurs; job opportunities for local youth as part of the service team; school population; school community (households); municipalities, the DoE and the private sector.

Outcomes and Components

Four principal outcomes are expected from this project

  • Outcome 1: Usable and clean school sanitation facilities in the Amathole and Buffalo City Municipalities
  • Outcome 2: Improved Learners’ hygiene practices through the use of a health and hygiene programme inclusive of a menstrual health management plan.
  • Outcome 3: Locally established and sustainable franchisee operation in the East London District including women franchisees
  • Outcome 4: Demonstrated Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) through mobile treatment technology, safe handling and reuse: Mobile treatment technology used is the Pyrolysis of faecal matter to produce Bio-Char.
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